GENRE OF RECOUNT

GENRE OF RECOUNT

I. INTRODUCTION

There are many activities or events that we did or happened in our lives.  And some events or activities are very interesting to be told to others, for examples  some of my friends ever saw the ghost at their houses. According to them those are their experiences which can be very impressive or unforgettable , or it can be our experience that sometimes  really interesting to remember then we  share to others.

To express past activities or past event both in  written or spoken text , we need to know how to express in English context of communication which is  called “ Recount “.  The purpose of recount is to tell past activities or past events , such as personal experience, history, biography or autobiography. And on the next part, we would like to discuss further about the Genre Of Recount”.

II. DISCUSSION

The genre of Recount is a type of text that is used to inform or to tell about the past events or past activities.  Recount Text is  written in Past Simple. But Recount can be expressed both in written or spoken. It can be written from the first or the third person’s point of view. First person means if the events happened to the person who writes the recount. And the third person is as the writer who tells other persons’ experiences.The writer becomes an observer who tells the story. Both of those recounts tell about someone’s experiences that is called personal recount. We use connectives or sequence markers to tell the recount clearly in chronological orders. The purpose of recount is either to inform or to entertain the audience. There is no complication among the participants and that differentiates from narrative

To arrange recount text we also have to know  some generic or rhetorical structure which consist of :

1. Orientation

In this step we decide or arrange the topic or event that will be told or informed to the readers. On this step, we try to attract or lead the readers to the topic or event that we are going to  inform or to tell, so the readers will focus on the topic. It is where you give an outline of what you are writing about. This part also is Introducing the participants, place and time. The setting or orientation is the background information answering who, when, where and why.

2. Record of Events

On this step, we tell the past activities or events in detail and chronological order. It must be completed with the clear setting ( time and place ).

3. Re-orientation.

The last step in arranging the recount text, we have to conclude the important things that we have told previously, so the readers will understand more or they  notice clearly about the events that happened in chronological order.

It is optional. It is stating personal comment of the writer to the story. And the conclusion expresses a personal opinion regarding the events described. In other words this is where you bring your writing to a close by; saying how things went, saying what you felt about the things that happened and/or mentioning something which will or may happen late

Language Feature of Recount
• Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc
• Using chronological connection; then, first, etc
• Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc
• Using action verb; look, go, change, etc

• Using simple past tense

The following examples of Recount Text are given in order to explain more about the genre of recount, :

  • Examples  I

                 Vacation to London

 

Vacation to London

Orientation

Mr. Richard’s family was on vacation. They are Mr. and Mrs. Richard with two sons. They went to London. They saw their travel agent and booked their tickets. They went to the British Embassy to get visas to enter Britain. They had booked fourteen day tour. This includes travel and accommodation. They also included tours around London.

Record of Events

They boarded a large Boeing flight. The flight was nearly fourteen hours. On the plane the cabin crews were very friendly. They gave them news paper and magazine to read. They gave them food and drink. There was a film for their entertainment. They had a very pleasant flight. They slept part of the way.

Record of Events

 On arrival at Heathrow Airport, they had to go to Customs and Immigration. The officers were pleasant. They checked the document carefully but their manners were very polite. Mr. Richard and his family collected their bags and went to London Welcome Desk. They arranged the transfer to a hotel. The hotel was a well-known four-star hotel. The room had perfect view of the park. The room had its own bathroom and toilet. Instead of keys for the room, they inserted a key card to open the door. On the third floor, there was a restaurant serving Asian and European food. They had variety of food.

RE-ORIENTATION

The two week in London went by fast. At the end of the 14-day, they were quite tired but they felt very happy.

Ø  The Explanation

By reading the above example of recount text above that was taken from internet ( google ), we can explain as follows :

The Orientation :

The objective of recount text above is the writer tells the readers about someone’ exprerience ( Mr. Richard’s family ) who has vacation to London. The writer tells about the activites of Mr. Richard’s family on their vacation from the first departure until the they came back from London. The writer also tells about the impression of Mr. Richard’s family realated to their vacation to London.

Record of Events :

The writer didn’t tell the detailed activities happened ( when was the time). But the use of Past simple has explained clearly that the events already happened. And the use of sequence markers  also explain that the writer has told the events in chronological order.

Reorientation :

The writer finally made conclusion by telling the impression of Mr. Richard’s Family who was very happy to go to London for 14 days, eventhough they were all tired.

Language Feature of Recount

–          Chronological connection: bold and underlined words

–       Simple Past Tense: bold and  Italic words

     Examples II ( Our First Product ) 

Princess Diana Biography

                ( 1961-1997 )

ORIENTATION

 One of the woman I admire most is “ Diana Frances Spencer” or mostly known as Lady Diana. She was a beautiful and smart princess of English kingdom. She was born in 1961. Diana Got married with Prince Charles in 1981, when she was at the young age of twenty-one and became a member of Britain’s Royal Family.

RECORDS OF EVENTS

Princess Diana has two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry. She loved her sons very much, that was her reason to endure both from the pressure of living in Britain’s Royal Family. Princess Diana had a very good impression with hervitality charm and she liked doing some charity works by touching the lives of sick people and  homeless people, such as in Africa or even Indonesia. She came to them with her warmth and humanity.   

RE-ORIENTATION

People think  that Princess Diana’s life was tragic when she was finally killed by the car accident in the Pont De Alma road tunnel in Paris, on August 31st , 1997. Public were in deep compasion. Diana has passed away and her funeral took place in Westminster Abbey, on September 1997. But her kindness touches  and inspires people to remind her forever.   

 From the second example of recount text above, we would like to discuss more about  recount text and compare the first and the second recounts. 

The orientation

Telling about someone’s bioghraphy is one of the example from recount text. On the example above, the writer is as the third one who tells about  Diana’s Biography that has very impressive life story as a princess of English Kingdom. The writer tells about the history  of her life or the events that happened in her life chronologically. 

Record of events

The biography of Princess Diana is told in detailed, it started from her time of birth until the time when she passed away by completing the important event that happened in her life. The writer also tells about the other informations that can complete and make her biography more interesting, such as ; the pressure of living in Britain’s Royal family. 

Reorientation : 

Finally, the writer made conclusion by the telling the feeling of people related to the tragedy which caused Lady Diana died and also the impression of people about Lady Diana. 

Language Feature of Recount 

– Using chronological connection: bold and underlined words 

– Simple Past: bold and italic words

Ø  We can compare the first and second recount text above, as follows :

1). The first recount tells about someone’s experiences while the second recount tells about someone’s biography, eventhough both the recounts above have different objectives, but both of the texts tell about past events and were told by the third persons as the writers who told their observation about Mr. Richard’s family vacation and about The Biography of Princess Diana.

2). The first recount has unstated time signals  and the sequence marker, but all events were arranged in chronologicaly order in past simple. So, the readers  understand the story that has  happened clearly.  But the second example of recount text is told with detailed time signals, so the readres can remember when  did the important events happen.

3). Both the first and second examples have reorientation or conclusion that explain about thewriters’observation stated in their recounts

 

UNFORGETABLE EXPERIENCE 

 (OurSecondProduct )

ORIENTATION

I had the most unforgetable experience in my life when I was 16 years old.

At that time I was the second grade of Senior High School student. It was a road accident experience.

 I still remember that day vividly when my relatives and I visited our hometown for a holiday but we got the 

accident on the way where our car was upside down .

RECORD OF EVENTS

Actually, the people who went to the home town were father, a brother, two cousins, a driver and I.

 We left an official house in Sragen, central Java where my father worked there.

We should leave the house after praying ‘subuh’ but I didn’t know why my father changed our plan 

and we left at 2 a.m. I felt worried because all day until leaving for hometown, my father hadn’t slept or 

 taken a rest completely. My father himself would drive the car although there was a driver who 

 accompanied us but he sat at the back and slept there.  

 

All the journey I paid attention to my father because I sat beside him. He looked very sleepy and I looked at him he was often to yawn.To disappear his sleepiness, he sang while he was driving. As soon as we entered around Jogjakarta, my father filled in petrol and actually he wanted the driver to drive the car. Because my father didn’t tell anything so the driver sat at the back again. After leaving the petrol station, we went on the journey. 

However, I didn’t remember when I fell asleep and as I was aware suddenly, there was a big tree would be hit by our car. I screamed very loudly and all the people in the car woke up because of my scream. At the same time time our car was upside down at the left side. It happened at about 4 a.m. Apparently, my father fell asleep too while he was still driving even our car had just passed a bridge and it had hit a banana tree and some flower pots. Nobody was injured physically except me, there was only a little thick blood on my left feet. Fortunately, there was a hospital. My father and I went there to care my feet and take a rest for a while and we thought what had just happened.

RE-ORIENTATION

 Finally we didn’t continue our journey and we went back to Sragen especially to the official house.

Fortunately, the car could be still driven despite in very low speed and the driver drove the car because my

father was very stressed with the accident. In the car,We didn’t talk to each other and said nothing.

On theway home, I couldn’t imagine if our car ran into the middle of the road or fell into the ravine because 

my father slept while he was driving the car. That’s my unforgetable experience I think it is a terrible 

experince and I hope it will never happen again.

III. CONCLUSION

From the discussion above, we can take conclusion, as follows :

1). The objective of Recount text is used to tell about the activities or events that already happened in the past.

2). The examples of recount text are :

  – Story of writer’s experiences  and Story about someone’s experiences that was told by the writer as a third person based  on her / his observation. (Personal Recount)

– Factual Recount

– Imaginary Recount

  – Telling about someone’s biography.

  – Telling about history.

– DiarY

3). Recount text must be arranged in correct generic or rethorical structure that consist of :  

§  Orientation

§  Record of events

§  Reorientation

§  We use past simple or sometimes present perfect tense to arrange recount text.

§  We use connectors and sequence markers to arrange recount text to be in chronologically order. But sometimes, recount text used unstated sequence markers as long as the events or activities are clearly explained in chronologically order.

IV. TEACHING SUGGESTIONS

As teachers especially SMA teachers, we have to understand how to teach recount text for both reading and writing skills in English teaching, the following suggestions can be used to teach recount text in integrated English Teaching ( Reading, writing and language components; grammar for past simple ) :

Ø  Use recount text and ask students to read loudly and  silently and check their comprehension by asking some questions related to the text such as :

                                    – What is the topic about.?

                                    – When did it happen.?

                                    – Where did it happen.?

                                    – Who are the participants?…..etc

Ø  Lead the students to understand about orientation, record of event and reorientation by discussing the content of each paragraph, then explain completely using the students’responses.

Ø  Ask students to identify each sentences that are used past simple to express the event or  activities that already happened in the recount text given. Then explain the form and the use of past simple by adopting two or three sentences from each paragraph.

Ø  Ask students to identify the connector or sequence markers are used in the text given, then explain the use of them.

Ø  After the students understand the steps in arranging recount text.

1.        The examples of Diary tell about the important or special  events that already happened last week or several days ago. Then ask students to make their own diary.

2.       The topic s about  telling their experiences, it can be sad, happy or unforgetable experiences. We can start ask the students to make the outline, draft , then we can check or revise their writing, so finally students can rewrite their recounts based on our revision.

4. Teaching Recount Text for Writing

Skills     : Writing

Genre   : Recount Text ( Composing a diary )

Task 1

Ask students to answer these questions and share with their partners!

1. What did you do yesterday morning?

2. What did you do last Sunday?

3. What did you do last night?

Task 2

Ask students to look at the example and ask them to compose their diary based on their answer.

Example :

Jodi is writing a diary. Read the text carefully and underline the past verb!

Monday, 26 September 2011.

I got up late this morning. It was 6.30. I took a bath in hurry. Without having breakfast, I left for school. 

I arrived at school at 07.30 at school. I knocked the door and said greeting. But, all my frieds were laughing. What happened? Oh my God! I brought my mother’s bag. It’s pink and full of flower painting. That was embarassing.

Task 3

– Ask students to fill in the gap with a correct verb!

– Then we check the answers

– Finally we ask students to write a diary using the sentences given.

took – came – had – studied – visited

ext, they can try to arrange recount text by giving :

1.       Pictures which  can be given on slides, then ask them to arrange in correct order based on the time time signals given on the pictures. Then ask them to arrange  as a short composition based on the order of pictures.

2. The examples of Diary tell about the important or special  events that already happened last week or several days ago. Then ask students to make their own diary.

3.    The topic s about  telling their experiences, it can be sad, happy or unforgetable experiences. We can start ask the students to make the outline, draft , then we can check or revise their writing, so finally students can rewrite their recounts based on our revision.

4. Teaching Recount Text for Writing

Skills     : Writing

Genre   : Recount Text ( Composing a diary )

Task 1

Ask students to answer these questions and share with their partners!

1. What did you do yesterday morning?

2. What did you do last Sunday?

3. What did you do last night?

Task 2

Ask students to look at the example and ask them to compose their diary based on their answer.

Example :

Jodi is writing a diary. Read the text carefully and underline the past verb!

Monday, 26 September 2011.

I got up late this morning. It was 6.30. I took a bath in hurry. Without having breakfast, I left for school. 

I arrived at school at 07.30 at school. I knocked the door and said greeting. But, all my frieds were laughing. What happened? Oh my God! I brought my mother’s bag. It’s pink and full of flower painting. That was embarassing.

Task 3

– Ask students to fill in the gap with a correct verb!

– Then we check the answers

– Finally we ask students to write a diary using the sentences given.

took – came – had – studied – visited

1. The minister of education …………….our school yesterday.

2. I ……………..a bath very early. That was very cold.

3. I………………..hard for final examination.

4. I…………..late at school.

5. I………………big breakfast.

Ø  Sources :              – Internet

                                         – Look- A head for SMA 1st Grade – Erlangga

                                         – Linked to the world English Senior High School I

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